Blue luminescent zinc(II) complexes with polypyridylamine ligands: Crystal structures and luminescence properties

Kin Ying Ho, Wing Yiu Yu, Kung Kai Cheung, Chi Ming Che

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

128 Citations (Scopus)


A series of blue luminescent zinc(II) complexes, [Zn(dpa)X2] [dpa = di-2-pyridylamine, X = OAc 1a, Cl 1b, CN 1c or 4-MeC6H4S 1d], [Zn(dpa)2][CF3SO3]22, [Zn(tpda)X2] [tpda = 2,6-bis(2-pyridylamino)pyridine, X = OAc 3a or Cl 3b] and [Zn(tpda)(CF3SO3)2] 4 has been prepared. Their molecular structures, except complex 4, have been established by X-ray crystallography. In the crystal lattice of 2 the [Zn(dpa)2]2+cations and CF3SO3-anions are disposed in pairs via intermolecular hydrogen bonds [N(2)⋯O(2) 2.865(4) Å]. The crystal packing of [Zn(dpa)(OAc)2] 1a revealed that two adjacent molecules associate in pairs through intermolecular hydrogen bonding [N(2) ⋯O(4′) 2.816(3) Å]. However, the crystal lattice of its tpda derivative 3a shows that the molecules are linked by extensive intermolecular hydrogen bonding between the amino groups and the acetate ligands [N(2)⋯O(2′) 2.805(3) and N(4)⋯O(4′) 2.860(3) Å] resulting in an interlocking hydrogen bond network. Polymeric one-dimensional tapes are generated through extended π-π stacking interactions between the molecules of [Zn(dpa)(4-MeC6H4S)2] 1d, and the thiolate groups are aligned in an all-anti conformation along the metal chain. In the case of [Zn(dpa)(CN)2] 1c, co-operative intermolecular hydrogen bonds and aromatic π-π interactions in its solid state lead to a supramolecular two-dimensional sheet. All the zinc(II) complexes display high energy intraligand1(π-π*) fluorescence in degassed MeOH at 298 K, and intraligand3(π-π*) phosphorescence in a glassy solution (MeOH-EtOH 1:2 at 77 K). An emission band observed for 1c (418 nm) and 1d (481 nm) in their solid state emission spectra is ascribed to excimeric emission due to aromatic π-π interactions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1581-1586
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society - Dalton Transactions
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 21 May 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this