Thin films of yttrium oxide doped separately with Eu3+, Tb3+and Tm3+were deposited by spray pyrolysis. The effect of preparation conditions on the structural and cathodoluminescent (CL) properties of the thin films was investigated. Films containing Eu3+, Tb3+and Tm3+emitted red, green and blue colors, respectively. Films of yttrium oxide doped with Tm were evaluated in detail. The blue emission of these films had CIE chromaticity coordinates of x = 0.158 and y = 0.150 with a dominant wavelength of 476 nm and a color purity of 78% compared to CIE Standard Source C. The CL intensity of the films under 5 kV beam excitation and a current density of 5 mA/cm2depended strongly on annealing conditions and thulium doping concentration. For Tm-doped films the maximum luminance was 30.4 cd/m2and there was a linear relationship between the CL intensity and excitation voltage. A luminance of 255 cd/m2was obtained for the Eu-doped film. The dominant wavelength was 604 nm with 100% purity, and x = 0.645 and y = 0.357. The luminance for the Tb-doped film was 72 cd/m2with a dominant wavelength of 547 nm and 77% purity.
- Rare earth dopant
- Thin film
- Yttrium oxide phosphors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics