Bi3+ occupancy rearrangement in K2-xAxMgGeO4 phosphor to achieve ultra-broad-band white emission based on alkali metal substitution engineering

Haifeng Zhu, Shuqing Feng, Zihui Kong, Xu Huang, Lu Peng, Jing Wang, Wai Yeung Wong, Zhi Zhou, Mao Xia

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Ultra-broad-band white emitting phosphors have a wide application prospect in the new generation of illumination systems. Due to the sensitivity of Bi3+ to the surrounding environment, it exhibits different luminescence properties in different crystallographic sites, which makes it easy to achieve white emission. Cationic substitution engineering is the most effective strategy for controlling the environment around Bi-site and realizing the spectrum tuning. Herein, we conducted substitution engineering in K2MgGeO4:Bi3+ (KMGO:Bi3+) that uses alkali metal A+ (A = Li, Na, Rb) to substitute K+. The difference in emission spectrum excited at various wavelengths is related to extra luminescent centers generation and Bi3+ occupancy rearrangement in KMGO:Bi3+ under the influence of Li+ and Na+, which also leads to the expansion of full widths at half-maximum (FWHM) to 204 nm forming a bright white emission. Besides, the modulation of Rb+ increases the activation energy and enhances its thermal stability to 88.66%. The high Ra values (93.4) of the fabricated WLED indicate that K1.456Na0.54MgGeO4:0.004Bi3+ could be used as a single-component white phosphor in solid-state lighting. Our research shows that alkali metal substitution engineering is of great significance to controlling the luminescence emission and improving the thermal stability of luminescent materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number150252
JournalApplied Surface Science
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2021


  • KMgGeO:Bi
  • Phosphor
  • Substitution engineering
  • Tunable emission
  • Ultra-broad-band white emission
  • WLED

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this