Bipartite Differential Neural Network for Unsupervised Image Change Detection

Jia Liu, Maoguo Gong, A. K. Qin, Kay Chen Tan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


Image change detection detects the regions of change in multiple images of the same scene taken at different times, which plays a crucial role in many applications. The two most popular image change detection techniques are as follows: pixel-based methods heavily rely on accurate image coregistration while object-based approaches can tolerate coregistration errors to some extent but are sensitive to image segmentation or classification errors. To address these issues, we propose an unsupervised image change detection approach based on a novel bipartite differential neural network (BDNN). The BDNN is a deep neural network with two input ends, which can extract the holistic features from the unchanged regions in the two input images, where two learnable change disguise maps (CDMs) are used to disguise the changed regions in the two input images, respectively, and thus demarcate the unchanged regions therein. The network parameters and CDMs will be learned by optimizing an objective function, which combines a loss function defined as the likelihood of the given input image pair over all possible input image pairs and two constraints imposed on CDMs. Compared with the pixel-based and object-based techniques, the BDNN is less sensitive to inaccurate image coregistration and does not involve image segmentation or classification. In fact, it can even skip over coregistration if the degree of transformation (due to the different view angles and/or positions of the camera) between the two input images is not that large. We compare the proposed approach with several state-of-the-art image change detection methods on various homogeneous and heterogeneous image pairs with and without coregistration. The results demonstrate the superiority of the proposed approach.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8716679
Pages (from-to)876-890
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Change detection
  • convolutional neural networks (CNNs)
  • deep learning
  • image coregistration
  • unsupervised learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Artificial Intelligence


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