Biomimetic three-layer hierarchical scaffolds for efficient water management and cell recruitment

Huiyi Yin, Yongshi Guo, Simin Lai, Longfei Fan, Lihuan Wang, John H. Xin, Hui Yu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Taking inspiration from the structures of roots, stems and leaves of trees in nature, a biomimetic three-layered scaffold was designed for efficient water management and cell recruitment. Using polycaprolactone (PCL) and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) as raw materials, radially oriented nanofiber films and multistage adjustable nanofiber films were prepared through electrospinning technology as the base skin-friendly layer (roots) and middle unidirectional moisture conductive material (stems), the porous polyurethane foam was integrated as the outer moisturizing layer (leaves). Among which, radially oriented nanofiber films could promote the directional migration of fibroblasts and induce cell morphological changes. For the spatially hierarchically nanofiber films, the unidirectional transport of liquid was effectively realized. While the porous polyurethane foam membrane could absorb 9 times its weight in biofluid and retain moisture for up to 10 h. As a result, the biomimetic three-layered scaffolds with different structures can promote wound epithelization and drain biofluid while avoiding wound inflammation caused by excessive biofluid, which is expected to be applied in the field of skin wounds.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113081
JournalColloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023


  • Cell recruitment
  • Electrospinning
  • Multistage adjustable structure
  • Radially oriented structure
  • Water management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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