Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) producing New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase (NDM-1) cause untreatable bacterial infections, posing a significant threat to human health. In the present study, by employing the concept of bioisosteric replacement of the selenium moiety of ebselen, we have designed, synthesized and characterized a small compound library of 2-substituted 1,2-benzisothiazol-3(2H)-one derivatives and related compounds for evaluating their cytotoxicity and synergistic activity in combination with meropenem against the E. coli Tg1 (NDM-1) strain. The most promising compound 3a demonstrated potent synergistic activity against a panel of clinically isolated NDM-1 positive CRE strains with FICI as low as 0.09. Moreover, its IC50 value and inhibition mechanism were also confirmed by using the enzyme inhibition assay and the ESI-MS analysis respectively. Importantly, compound 3a has acceptable toxicity and is not a PAINS. Because of its structural simplicity and potent synergistic activity in combination with meropenem, we propose that compound 3a may be a promising meropenem adjuvant and a new series of such compounds may worth further investigations.
- Bioisosteric replacement
- Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae
- New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase inhibitors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Drug Discovery
- Organic Chemistry