Biofiltration of hydrogen sulfide: Trends and challenges

Kumar Vikrant, Suresh Kumar Kailasa, Chiu Wa Tsang, Sang Soo Lee, Pawan Kumar, Balendu Shekhar Giri, Ram Sharan Singh, Ki Hyun Kim

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Expansion of modern industry coupled with a lack of effective treatment systems has resulted in excessive release of toxic and odorous pollutants such as hydrogen sulfide (H 2S). Development of treatment measures is therefore necessary to protect ecosystems and human health. This paper explores recent advances in H 2S treatment technologies. Particular focus is placed on innovative and recent advances in biofiltration, especially for wastewater treatment facilities and biogas generation (e.g., use of innovative packing media for better performance and reduced pressure drop, eliminating sulfate accumulation, and development of modeling techniques). The review also identifies current challenges and future prospects (e.g., fluctuations in methane and carbon dioxide concentrations during biogas upgradation, optimizing anoxic H 2S biofiltration, and understanding the effects of operating conditions on biofilter performance) for improving biofiltration by highlighting research gaps in related fields.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-147
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Volume187
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jun 2018

Keywords

  • Biotechnology
  • Desulfurization
  • Microbial degradation
  • Odorous gas
  • Pollution control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Strategy and Management
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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