BIM-based spatial augmented reality (SAR) for architectural design collaboration: A proof of concept

Yixuan Jin, Joon Oh Seo, Jin Gang Lee, Seungjun Ahn, Sang Uk Han

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Three-dimensional (3D) visualization technology, such as augmented reality (AR), has served as the display for building information modeling (BIM)-based architectural design collaboration to provide more effective design observation and communication for stakeholders. That said, AR has several technical limitations in terms of personal device issues, user experience, and visualization quality. A new form of AR called spatial augmented reality (SAR) has been introduced to address these issues, which uses a digital projector to present graphics on physical objects for augmenting real-world objects. Therefore, SAR has great benefits and potentials to combine with BIM for design collaboration. This paper introduces a BIM-based SAR operational framework, where 3D building models generated from BIM software are imported to projection mapping tools to display building surface textures on physical white building models. A case study using Revit and 3ds Max as the BIM software, and MadMapper as the projection mapping tool, was conducted to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed framework and to evaluate the projection performance of SAR. The case study showed that the texture of BIM models could be projected on the objects clearly and realistically. Additionally, the proposed SAR method potentially offers intuitive observation of building models and comfortable wear-free experience for collaborative design, and the qualitative analysis by changing the parameters was conducted to test the different projection conditions. Since it is expected that the use of SAR can be promoted by overcoming the discussed technical limitations and possible solution application, this study aims to traceability provide the whole process of BIM-based SAR for architectural design collaboration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5915
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2020


  • Architectural design
  • Building information modelling
  • Design collaboration
  • Projection mapping
  • Spatial augmented reality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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