Bidirectional texture function image super-resolution using singular value decomposition

Wei Dong, Hui Liang Shen, Zhi Wei Pan, John Haozhong Xin

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The bidirectional texture function (BTF) is widely employed to achieve realistic digital reproduction of real-world material appearance. In practice, a BTF measurement device usually does not use high-resolution (HR) cameras in data collection, considering the high equipment cost and huge data space required. The limited image resolution consequently leads to the loss of texture details in BTF data. This paper proposes a fast BTF image super-resolution (SR) algorithm to deal with this issue. The algorithm uses singular value decomposition (SVD) to separate the collected low-resolution (LR) BTF data into intrinsic textures and eigen-apparent bidirectional reflectance distribution functions (eigen-ABRDFs) and then improves the resolution of the intrinsic textures via image SR. The HR BTFs can be finally obtained by fusing the reconstructed HR intrinsic textures with the LR eigen-ABRDFs. Experimental results show that the proposed algorithm outperforms the state-of-the-art single-image SR algorithms in terms of reconstruction accuracy. In addition, thanks to the employment of SVD, the proposed algorithm is computationally efficient and robust to noise corruption.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2745-2753
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Optics
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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