Bi-objective perishable product delivery routing problem with stochastic demand

Qi Wang, Hui Li, Dujuan Wang, T. C.E. Cheng, Yunqiang Yin

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


In recent years, with the fast expansion of the market for perishable products, the transport of perishable products has become a critical issue in logistics research. Freshness and timeliness are two main factors affecting customer satisfaction with perishable product delivery, which are also closely related to the operating cost. To efficiently balance the operating cost and customer satisfaction, we consider the problem of bi-objective optimization with stochastic demand to find the Pareto-optimal solution of minimizing the total expected operating cost and maximizing the total expected customer satisfaction, where the demand is unknown until the delivery vehicle reaches the customer's location. Two types of vehicles cooperate to serve the customers, where one type is used to serve the initial requests of the customers, while the other type is used to fulfil the unmet demand caused by uncertain demand and non-compliance with the freshness requirement. We present a new evaluation method to measure customer satisfaction affected by time windows, which is more in line with customer psychology than the linear calculation method in existing studies. We develop a multi-objective evolutionary algorithm (MOALNS) that combines the NSGA-II algorithm with the adaptive large neighborhood search to solve the problem, where the expected operating cost of a given route under the vehicle cooperation strategy is minimized by a dynamic programming algorithm. Extensive numerical studies show that MOALNS performs well in finding the Pareto front and reveal the impacts of the key model parameters on the optimal solution, providing insights for the decision-maker to devise delivery schemes that trade-off the operating cost for customer satisfaction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108837
JournalComputers and Industrial Engineering
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023


  • Adaptive large neighborhood search
  • NSGA-II algorithm
  • Perishable product
  • Routing
  • Stochastic demands

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • General Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Bi-objective perishable product delivery routing problem with stochastic demand'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this