Bi-functional NaLuF 4:Gd 3+/Yb 3+/Tm 3+ nanocrystals: Structure controlled synthesis, near-infrared upconversion emission and tunable magnetic properties

Songjun Zeng, Junjie Xiao, Qibin Yang, Jianhua Hao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

143 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, fluorescent and magnetic bi-functional NaLuF 4:Ln (Ln = Gd 3+, Yb 3+, Tm 3+) nanocrystals were synthesized via a simple hydrothermal method using oleic acid as capping ligand. The crystal phase, size, upconversion (UC) properties, and magnetization of the nanocrystals can be readily modified by doping with Gd 3+. The results reveal that Gd 3+ addition can promote the transformation from the cubic to the hexagonal phase and reduce the size. In addition, NaLuF 4:Ln (Ln = Gd 3+, Yb 3+, Tm 3+) nanocrystals present efficient near infrared (NIR) to NIR emission, which is beneficial for in vivo biomedical applications due to the increased penetration depth and low radiation damage of NIR light in bio-tissues. More importantly, owing to the large magnetic moment of Gd 3+, the Gd 3+-doped NaLuF 4 nanocrystals also present excellent paramagnetic properties at room temperature. Therefore, it is expected that these nanocrystals can be used as promising dual-modal nanoprobes for optical bioimaging and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and may have potential applications in bioseparation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9870-9874
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 21 May 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Chemistry(all)

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