In this paper, we study the polynomial optimization problem of a multiform over the intersection of the multisphere and the nonnegative orthants. This class of problems is NP-hard in general and includes the problem of finding the best nonnegative rank-one approximation of a given tensor. A Positivstellensatz is given for this class of polynomial optimization problems, based on which a globally convergent hierarchy of doubly nonnegative (DNN) relaxations is proposed. A (zeroth order) DNN relaxation method is applied to solve these problems, resulting in linear matrix optimization problems under both the positive semidefinite and nonnegative conic constraints. A worst case approximation bound is given for this relaxation method. The recent solver SDPNAL+ is adopted to solve this class of matrix optimization problems. Typically the DNN relaxations are tight, and hence the best nonnegative rank-one approximation of a tensor can be obtained frequently. Extensive numerical experiments show that this approach is quite promising.
- Doubly nonnegative relaxation method
- Doubly nonnegative semidefinite program
- Nonnegative rank-1 approximation
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