Beliefs in the future as a positive youth development construct : a conceptual review

R.C.F. Sun, Tan Lei Shek

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)


Beliefs in the future is an internalization of hope and optimism about future outcomes. This paper reviews and compares several theories of hope and optimism, and highlights the features constituting beliefs in the future. This paper points out that beliefs in the future includes a series of goal-directed thoughts and motivation, such as setting up valued and attainable goals, planning pathways, and maintaining self-confidence and mastery, so as to keep adolescents engaged in the pursuit of goals. This kind of personal mastery, together with socio-cultural values, family, school and peers are the antecedents leading to beliefs in the future, which is related to adolescents’ wellbeing and positive development. In order to cultivate
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)359-369
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of alternative medicine research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • Adolescence
  • Positive youth development
  • Beliefs in the future
  • Hope
  • Optimism

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