A total of 11 specimens were tested to evaluate the failure modes, load-deformation histories and strains development in the steel tube. Complementary finite element (FE) models were developed and validated against experimental results. Validated FE methodology was then used to study the influence of key parameters, including aspect ratio, slenderness ratio, load eccentricity ratio, yield strength of steel, compressive strength of concrete and steel tube to concrete area ratio, on the load carrying capacity. As a result, the design method for elliptical concrete-filled steel tubular (CFST) columns in Chinese code - GB50936-2014 and the design method for circular CFST columns in EC4 were assessed to confirm their applicability for cold-formed elliptical CFST columns with aspect ratio ranging from 1.0 to 2.5.
- Aspect ratio
- Concrete-filled steel tubular (CFST) column
- Elliptical section
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Building and Construction
- Mechanical Engineering