Behaviour of concrete-filled ferritic stainless steel tubular joints: Experimental investigation, numerical modelling and design

Hai Ting Li, Ben Young

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


The behaviour and resistances of concrete-filled ferritic stainless steel tubular (CFFSST) joints were studied and presented in this paper based upon experimental and numerical investigations. A test program was firstly undertaken on a series of X- and T-joints with square and rectangular hollow section (SHS and RHS) chords. The stainless steel SHS/RHS tubes were cold-rolled from EN 1.4003 ferritic grade sheets, and the specimens were in-filled with either normal or high strength concrete. The experimental study including the detailed material properties, joint test setups, test procedures and results is reported. Numerical models were also developed and verified against the CFFSST joint test results, and followed by a parametric study generating further numerical results over a wider range of key joint parameters. The obtained experimental and numerical CFFSST joint capacities were compared with existing design recommendations as per the CIDECT Design Guide and design rules proposed by previous researchers. The comparison results indicate that the existing provisions are not capable of predicting the capacities of the investigated composite tubular joints in an accurate and reliable manner. Hence, modified design rules are put forward in this paper for the design of CFFSST joints.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113109
JournalEngineering Structures
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2021


  • Cold-formed stainless steel
  • Concrete-filled stainless steel tubes
  • Ferritic stainless steel
  • Tubular joints
  • Tubular structures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering

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