Behaviour insights on damage-control composite beam-to-beam connections with replaceable elements

Xiuzhang He, Michael C.H. Yam, Ke Ke, Xuhong Zhou, Huanyang Zhang, Zi Gu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Connections with damage concentrated to pre-selected components can enhance seismic resilience for moment resisting frames. These pre-selected components always yield early to dissipate energy, and their energy dissipation mechanisms vary from one to another, depending on their position in the connection, geometry configuration details, and mechanical characteristics. This paper presents behaviour insights on two types of beam-to-beam connections that the angles were designed as energy dissipation components, through the results of experimental study and finite element analysis. Firstly, an experimental programme was reviewed, and key responses concerning the working mechanism of the connections were presented, including strain distribution at the critical section, section force responses of essential components, and initial stiffness of test specimens. Subsequently, finite element models of three specimens were established to further interpret their behaviour and response that were not observable in the tests. The moment and shear force transfer paths of the composite connections were clarified through the test results and finite element analysis. It was observed that the bending moment is mainly resisted by axial forces from the components, and the dominant axial force is from the bottom angles; the shear force at the critical section is primarily taken by the slab and the components near the top flange. Lastly, based on the insights on the load transfer path of the composite connections, preliminary design recommendations are proposed. In particular, a resistance requirement, quantified by a moment capacity ratio, was placed on the connections. Design models and equations were also developed for predicting the yield moment resistance and the shear resistance of the connections. A flexible beam model was proposed to quantify the shear resistance of essential components.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)773-791
Number of pages19
JournalSteel and Composite Structures
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 25 Mar 2023


  • bolted connections
  • composite beams
  • slabs
  • steel structures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Metals and Alloys


Dive into the research topics of 'Behaviour insights on damage-control composite beam-to-beam connections with replaceable elements'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this