Behaviour and design of composite beams with stiffened and unstiffened web openings

E. Ellobody, Ben Young

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents an investigation on behaviour and design of composite beams with stiffened and unstiffened web openings. The composite beams were simply supported and had profiled steel sheeting oriented transversely to the steel beams. Nonlinear 3-D finite element models were developed to analyse the inelastic behaviour of composite beam components comprising the steel beam, concrete slab, profiled steel sheeting, headed stud shear connectors, reinforcement bars as well as interfaces among these components. In addition, the load-slip characteristic of the headed stud shear connectors in composite slabs with profiled steel sheeting were carefully incorporated into the finite element models. The finite element models of the composite beams have been validated against published experimental results. The composite beams had different moment-to-shear (M/V) ratios at the openings, stiffened and unstiffened web opening sizes, web opening locations, profiled steel sheeting, shear connections, beam lengths, concrete slab strengths and steel beam strengths. The ultimate loads of the composite beams, load-deflection relationships and modes of failure of the beams were predicted from the finite element analysis and compared well against the test results. Furthermore, the variables that influence the composite beam behaviour and ultimate load comprising different stiffened and unstiffened web opening sizes, M/V ratios at openings, web opening locations, beam lengths, concrete strengths and steel beam strengths, were also investigated in an extensive parametric study. It is shown that the ultimate loads of composite beams with stiffened web openings with horizontal stiffeners located above and below the openings, having an opening height equal to 0.6 the steel beam depth, can be considerably increased compared with that of unstiffened openings. It is also shown that the increase in structural steel strength has a remarkable effect on the composite beam ultimate loads. In addition, the ultimate loads of the composite beams with stiffened and unstiffened web openings predicted from the finite element analysis were compared with the design ultimate loads calculated using the Eurocode 4 and technical report SCI P355 published by the Steel Construction Institute for composite beams with profiled steel sheeting and rectangular stiffened and unstiffened web openings. Generally, it is shown that the design ultimate loads accurately predicted the ultimate loads of the composite beams within an average of 6% difference from the ultimate loads predicted using the finite element analysis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)893-918
Number of pages26
JournalAdvances in Structural Engineering
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Composite beams
  • FE modelling
  • High strength
  • Profiled steel sheeting
  • Structural design
  • Web openings

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction

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