Behavior of Octagonal High-Strength Steel Tubular Stub Columns

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Abstract

© 2019 American Society of Civil Engineers.This paper investigates the behavior of octagonal high-strength steel tubular cross sections under axial compression. Experimental investigations were conducted on cross sections with three nominal dimensions fabricated from different routes of welding or combinations of cold-bending and welding. Material properties and geometric imperfections of the cross sections were measured and are reported here. A total of 18 stub column tests were carried out; load-deformation histories and failure modes of octagonal high-strength steel tubular-section stub columns are presented and discussed. Nonlinear finite-element models were validated to replicate the stub column tests and subsequently applied to carry out parametric studies for further investigating the structural performance of octagonal tubular cross sections with various slenderness values under axial compression. The results from experiments and finite-element modeling are used to evaluate the applicability of codified cross-section classification limits and various existing design methods to octagonal high-strength steel tubular cross sections under axial compression. Modifications to the cross-section classification limits and design methods are proposed to obtain more accurate predictions of cross-section classification and strengths of structures for efficient structural design.
Original languageEnglish
Article number04019150
JournalJournal of Structural Engineering (United States)
Volume145
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019

Keywords

  • Fabrication routes
  • High-strength steel
  • Local buckling
  • Octagonal tubes
  • Stub columns

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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