Behavior and design of gusset plate connections in compression

Chi Ho Michael Yam, J. J.R. Cheng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)


A total of thirteen full-scale tests were conducted to investigate the compressive behavior and strength of gusset plate connections. The test parameters included gusset plate thickness, size, and brace angle. In addition, the effects of frame action on the compressive behavior of gusset plate connections were also investigated. In general, the gusset plate specimens were failed by sway buckling of the connection since no out-of-plane restraint was provided from the bracing member. The test results indicated that, in general, significant yielding of the gusset plate specimens occurred prior to reaching the ultimate load. However, only limited yielding was observed for the thin specimens with a plate thickness of 6.5 mm. The ultimate load of the specimens increased almost linearly proportional to the gusset plate thickness and decreased with increasing plate size. A slight decrease in the ultimate load of the specimens was observed when a 30° brace angle was used instead of a 45° one. The beam and column moment had only negligible effects on the ultimate load of the specimens; however, yielding of the specimens was detected at a load level significantly lower than that had no framing moment. The numerical simulation provided good agreement with the test results.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1143-1159
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Constructional Steel Research
Issue number5-8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Braced frames
  • Bracing
  • Buckling
  • Compression
  • Connections
  • Design
  • Gusset plates
  • Steel
  • Strength
  • Tests

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys

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