Beam patterns of an underwater acoustic vector hydrophone located away from any reflecting boundary

Kainam Thomas Wong, Hoiming Chi

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

68 Citations (Scopus)


A vector hydrophone is composed of two or three spatially collocated but orthogonally oriented velocity hydrophones plus an optional collocated pressure hydrophone. A vector hydrophone may form azimuth-elevation beams that are invariant with respect to the sources' frequencies, bandwidths and radial location (in near field as opposed to the far field). This paper characterizes the spatial matched filter beam patterns (a.k.a. fixed or conventional or maximum signal-to-noise ratio beam patterns) and the minimum variance distortionless response (MVDR) beam patterns associated with a single underwater acoustic vector hydrophone distant from any reflecting boundary.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)628-637
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Acoustic interferometry
  • Acoustic signal processing
  • Acoustic velocity measurement
  • Array signal processing
  • Direction of arrival estimation
  • Phased arrays
  • Sonar arrays
  • Sonar signal processing
  • Underwater acoustic arrays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ocean Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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