Base stable pyrrolidinium cations for alkaline anion exchange membrane applications

Fenglou Gu, Huilong Dong, Youyong Li, Zhe Sun, Feng Yan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

100 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The synthesis and characterization of pyrrolidinium cation based anion exchange membranes (AEMs) are reported. Pyrrolidinium cations with various N-substituents (including methyl, ethyl, butyl, octyl, isopropyl, 2-hydroxylethyl, benzyl, and cyclohexylmethyl groups) were synthesized and investigated with respect to their chemical stability in alkaline media. The influence of substitutions on alkaline stability of pyrrolidinium cations was investigated by quantitative1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) and theoretical approaches. N,N-Ethylmethyl-substituted pyrrolidinium cation ([EMPy]+) exhibited the highest alkaline stability in this study. The synthesized AEMs based on [EMPy]+show promising alkaline stability in strongly basic solution. The study of this work should provide a feasible way for improving the alkaline stability of pyrrolidinium cation based AEMs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6740-6747
Number of pages8
JournalMacromolecules
Volume47
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Oct 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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