Barium titanate derived from mechanochemically activated powders

L. B. Kong, J. Ma, Haitao Huang, R. F. Zhang, W. X. Que

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

107 Citations (Scopus)


A high-energy ball milling process was applied to a mixture with equal molar ratio of BaCO3and TiO2. X-ray diffraction data indicated that there was no reaction happening during the milling process although the particle size was greatly reduced. The effect of post-annealing on the phase formation and grain growth of BaTiO3was investigated by thermal analysis (DTA/TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). No reaction was observed in the sample annealed at 600°C. Ba2TiO4was found as the mixture annealed at 700°C. An 800°C-annealing led to single phase BaTiO3with a cubic structure. The temperature at which BaTiO3phase was derived is lower than required by the solid-state reaction process, which could be attributed to the refined grains/particles of the mixture as a result of high-energy ball milling. Tetragonal structured BaTiO3was formed at 1150°C together with a sharp increase in grain size.
Original languageEnglish
Article number7491
Pages (from-to)226-230
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Ferroelectric
  • Mechanical alloying
  • Microstructure
  • Oxide materials
  • X-ray diffraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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