Baduanjin Qigong Improves Balance, Leg Strength, and Mobility in Individuals With Chronic Stroke: A Randomized Controlled Study

Mandy Yuen, H. X. Ouyang, Tiev Miller, Marco Y.C. Pang (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Effective and sustainable exercise training methods for improving balance poststroke are needed. Objective: To evaluate the effect of Baduanjin Qigong for improving balance after stroke. Methods: This was a single-blinded randomized controlled study in which only the assessor was blinded. Fifty-eight people with chronic stroke (mean age: 62.5 ± 11.8 years) were randomly assigned to the experimental (n = 29) or control group (n = 29). The experimental group underwent 8 weeks of supervised Baduanjin training (3 sessions per week). This was followed by home-based practice of the same exercises 3 days a week for another 8 weeks. The control group underwent 2 sessions of supervised conventional fitness training in the first week, followed by home-based exercise practice 3 days a week until the end of week 16. All outcomes were measured at baseline, week 8, and week 16. Results: Significantly greater improvements in the Mini-Balance Evaluation Systems Test (Mini-BESTest), composite equilibrium score (Sensory Organization Test), 5 Times Sit to Stand, and Timed Up and Go test were detected at week 8 in the experimental group than in the control group (P <.017). Further improvement in the Mini-BESTest was observed from week 8 to 16 in the experimental group (P <.001). Other outcomes (Limit of Stability, Fall-Efficacy Scale, Modified Barthel Index, Stroke-Specific Quality of Life) showed no significant results. Conclusion: Baduanjin is effective in improving balance, leg strength, and mobility and is a safe and sustainable form of home-based exercise for people with chronic stroke.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)444-456
Number of pages13
JournalNeurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2021


  • Baduanjin
  • balance
  • Qigong
  • randomized controlled trial
  • rehabilitation
  • stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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