Azimuth-elevation direction finding using a microphone and three orthogonal velocity sensors as a non-collocated subarray

Yang Song, Kainam Thomas Wong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


An acoustic vector-sensor consists of three identical but orthogonally oriented acoustic particle-velocity sensors, plus a pressure sensor-all spatially collocated in a point-like geometry. At any point in space, this tri-axial acoustic vector-sensor can sample an acoustic wavefield as a 3 × 1 vector, instead of simply as a scalar of pressure. This vector, after proper self-normalization, would indicate the incident wave-field's propagation direction, and thus the incident emitter's azimuth-elevation direction-of-arrival. This "self-normalization" direction-of-arrival estimator is predicated on the spatial-collocation among the three particle-velocity sensors and the pressure-sensor. This collocation constriction is relaxed here by this presently proposed idea, to realize a spatially distributed acoustic vector-sensor, allowing its four component-sensors to be separately located. This proposed scheme not only retains the algorithmic advantages of the aforementioned "self-normalization" direction-of-arrival estimator, but also will significantly extend the spatial aperture to improve the direction-finding accuracy by orders of magnitude.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1987-1995
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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