Auxetic behavior of warp knitted fabric under repeating tension

Shuaiquan Zhao, Yuping Chang, Yadie Yang, Minglonghai Zhang, Kamrul Hasan, Hong Hu

    Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)


    In our previous study, a novel class of auxetic warp knitted fabrics were developed and their auxetic behaviors were studied under a single tensile test. However, during daily use, the fabrics are usually subjected to repeating tension rather than single tension. Therefore, the durability of the fabrics’ auxetic performance is of great importance. So far, the auxetic behavior of fabrics under repeating tension has not systematically been investigated. In this paper, we report a study on the auxetic behavior of warp knitted fabrics under repeating tension. All the fabric samples were subjected to a repeating tensile test within a tensile strain of 25% until 100 tensile cycles. The results show that the fabrics can keep their auxetic effect in both course and wale testing directions after 100 tensile cycles, and the auxetic effect in the wale direction is retained longer under higher tensile strains than that under lower tensile strains with the increase of tensile cycles. The results also indicate that auxetic stability in the course direction is much better than that in the wale direction. We hope that this study can offer useful information to improve the auxetic stability of auxetic fabrics for practical use.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1732-1741
    Number of pages10
    JournalTextile Research Journal
    Issue number15-16
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021


    • Auxetic fabric
    • knitted fabric
    • negative Poisson’s ratio
    • repeating tensile test

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
    • Polymers and Plastics


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