Autonomous Vessel Scheduling

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This study deals with an autonomous vessel scheduling problem when collaboration exists between port operators and an autonomous vessel company. A mixed-integer nonlinear programming model is developed, including decisions in assigning autonomous vessels to berths at each port and the optimal arrival time of each vessel at each port in an entire autonomous shipping network. This study aims to minimize the total cost of fuel consumption and the delay penalty of an autonomous vessel company. The nonlinear programming model is linearized and further solved using off-the-shelf solvers. Several experiments are conducted to test the effectiveness of the model and to draw insights for commercializing autonomous vessels. Results show that a company may speed up an autonomous vessel with short-distance voyage once fuel price decreases to gain additional benefits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-414
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of the Operations Research Society of China
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2020


  • Autonomous ship
  • Autonomous vessel
  • Berth allocation
  • Ship scheduling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management Science and Operations Research

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