Automatic EEG Artifact Removal Techniques by Detecting Influential Independent Components

Sim Kuan Goh, Hussein A. Abbass, Kay Chen Tan, Abdullah Al-Mamun, Chuanchu Wang, Cuntai Guan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


Electroencephalography (EEG) data are used to design useful indicators that act as proxies for detecting humans' mental activities. However, these electrical signals are susceptible to different forms of interferences - known as artifacts - from voluntarily and involuntarily muscle movements that greatly obscure the information in the signal. It is pertinent to design effective artifact removal techniques (ARTs) capable of removing or reducing the impact of these artifacts. However, most ARTs have been focusing on handling a few specific types, or a single type, of EEG artifacts. EEG processing that generalizes to multiple types of artifacts remains a major challenge. In this paper, we investigate a variety of eight different and typical artifacts that occur in practice. We characterize the spatiotemporal-frequency influence of these EEG artifacts and offer two heuristics. The proposed heuristics extend influential independent component analysis to clean the contaminated EEG signal. These proposed heuristics are compared against four state-of-the-art EEG ARTs using both real and synthesized EEG, collected in the presence of multiple artifacts. The results show that both heuristics offer superior spatiotemporal-frequency performance in automatic artifacts removal and are able to reconstruct clean EEG signals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8006366
Pages (from-to)270-279
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Emerging Topics in Computational Intelligence
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Brain computer interface
  • EEG artifact removal techniques
  • electroencephalography
  • independent component analysis
  • wavelet analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Control and Optimization


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