Automated defect detection tool for closed circuit television (cctv) inspected sewer pipelines

Alaa Hawari, Mazen Alamin, Firas Alkadour, Mohamed Elmasry, Tarek Zayed

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

69 Citations (Scopus)


In sewer networks, the economic effects and costs that result from a pipeline failure are rising sharply. As a result, there is huge demand for inspection and rehabilitation of sewer pipelines. In addition to being inaccurate, current practices of sewer pipelines inspection are time consuming and may not keep up with the deterioration rates of the pipelines. This papers presents the development of an automated tool to detect some defects such as: cracks, deformation, settled deposits and joint displacement in sewer pipelines. The automated approach is dependent upon using image-processing techniques and several mathematical formulas to analyze output data from Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) camera images. The automated tool was able to detect cracks, displaced joints, ovality and settled deposits in pipelines using CCTV camera inspection output footage using two different datasets. To examine the performance of the proposed detection methodology, confusion matrices were constructed, in which true positives for crack, settled deposits and displaced joints were 74%, 53% and 65%. As for the ovality, all defects in the images were detected successfully. Although these values could indicate low performance, however the proposed methodology could be improved if additional images were used. Given that one inspection session can result in hundreds of CCTV camera footage, introducing an automated tool would help yield faster results. Additionally, given the subjective nature of evaluating the severity of defects, it would result in more systematic outputs since the current method rely heavily on the operator's experience.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-109
Number of pages11
JournalAutomation in Construction
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • CCTV inspection
  • Defect detection
  • Image processing
  • Non-destructive evaluation
  • Sewer inspection
  • Sewer pipelines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction


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