Austenitic stainless‐steel reinforcement for seawater sea sand concrete: Investigation of stress corrosion cracking

Xiang Yu, Saad Al‐saadi, Isha Kohli, Xiao Ling Zhao, R. K. Singh Raman

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

Seawater and sea sand concrete (SWSSC) is a highly attractive alternative to normal concrete (NC) that requires huge amounts of fresh water and river sand. However, reinforcements of stainless steel (instead of mild steel that is used in NC) may be required for SWSSC. This article reports investigation of stress corrosion cracking (SCC) of AISI 316 stainless steel (SS) in simulated SWSSC and NC environments, with and without addition of silica to SWSSC and NC, employing slow strain rate testing (SSRT) at 25 and 60 °C. For the purpose of comparison, SCC of SS was also investigated in simulated seawater (SW) solution. SS showed no SCC at 25 °C in any of the test solutions. Indications of SCC were seen in SW at 60 °C, but no features of SCC in SWSSC and NC at 60 °C, as suggested by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) fractographs. While the absence of SCC in SWSSC and NC is attributed to the highly passivating alkaline condition, its absence in SWSSC also indicates the role of alkalinity to predominate the deleterious role of chloride content of SWSSC. However, the addition of silicate to SWSSC or NC triggers transgranular SCC to SS at 60 °C, as evidenced by the fractography.

Original languageEnglish
Article number500
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalMetals
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • AISI 316 stainless steel
  • Normal concrete
  • Seawater sea sand concrete
  • Slow strain rate testing (SSRT)
  • Stress corrosion cracking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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