Attributes of building information modelling implementations in various countries

Kam Din Wong, Kwan Wah Wong, Abid Nadeem

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)


Various initiatives can be taken to implement building information modelling (BIM) systems in a country. The purpose of this article is to highlight critical initiatives derived from the review of BIM implementations in both the public and private sectors in six selected countries. The methodology adopted for structuring the study is to classify BIM initiatives for its implementation in policy, process and technology fields. A literature review of such BIM fields from the USA, Finland, Norway, Denmark, Singapore and Hong Kong is provided. Moreover, the experiences of authors in BIM research projects conducted in the past through questionnaire surveys and interviews are also utilized to synthesize the findings. The review suggests that, in several situations, BIM is implemented in conjunction with industry foundation classes for better integration and interoperability of various components of a BIM system. The types and roles of major stakeholders in promoting and providing support for the implementation, research and development of BIM systems are presented. The findings suggest that initiatives can be taken for policy formulation, BIM organization, information exchange capability, research areas identification, promotion, presentation and liaison of BIM programmes for an effective BIM implementation in a country.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)288-302
Number of pages15
JournalArchitectural Engineering and Design Management
Publication statusPublished - 28 Dec 2010


  • Building information modelling
  • Hong Kong
  • Industry foundation classes
  • Interoperability
  • Scandinavian countries
  • Singapore
  • Stakeholders' roles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Architecture
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)

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