This cross-sectional and exploratory study aimed to compare motor performance and electroencephalographic (EEG) attention levels in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and those with typical development, and determine the relationship between motor performance and the real-time EEG attention level in children with DCD. Eighty-six children with DCD [DCD: n=57; DCD and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): n=29] and 99 children with typical development were recruited. Their motor performance was assessed with the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (MABC) and attention during the tasks of the MABC was evaluated by EEG. All children with DCD had higher MABC impairment scores and lower EEG attention scores than their peers (P<0.05). After accounting for age, sex, body mass index, and physical activity level, the attention index remained significantly associated with the MABC total impairment score and explained 14.1% of the variance in children who had DCD but not ADHD (P=0.009) and 17.5% of the variance in children with both DCD and ADHD (P=0.007). Children with DCD had poorer motor performance and were less attentive to movements than their peers. Their poor motor performance may be explained by inattention.
- Mental concentration
- Motor difficulty