Atomistic simulation of martensitic transformations induced by deformation of α-Fe single crystal during the mode-I fracture

Zheng Wang, Xiaoming Shi, Xu Sheng Yang, Wangqiang He, San Qiang Shi, Xingqiao Ma

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Deformation-induced martensitic transformations (DIMTs) have been widely observed in iron and ferroalloys under various mechanical loading conditions, thereby showing extreme scientific merits and engineering significance. Since deformations and fractures affect one another and reflect the relative movements of atoms, DIMTs often accompany fractures. In this work, molecular dynamics simulation was performed with a (010) [100] pre-cracked model to study DIMTs from an α-Fe single crystal during the mode-I fracture process. The observed DIMTs were verified using first-principle calculations. A crack tip tracking algorithm by scanning the nearby atoms is proposed, and the obtained critical stress intensity factor was proved to be close to the experimental results. Quasi-cleavage fracture happened with the nucleation and growth of the γ (fcc) phase, which was transformed by activating the {121} 〈 111 〉 and {110} 〈 111 〉 shears near the crack tip. The layered ε (hcp) phase was formed by stacking faults inside the γ phase and was unstable by driving force analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2275-2295
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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