Atomically deviated Pd-Te nanoplates boost methanol-tolerant fuel cells

Ying Zhang, Bolong Huang (Corresponding Author), Gan Luo, Tu Sun, Yonggang Feng, Yucheng Wang, Yanhang Ma, Qi Shao, Yafei Li, Zhiyou Zhou, Xiaoqing Huang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The methanol crossover effect in direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) can severely reduce cathodic oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) performance and fuel efficiency. As a result, developing efficient catalysts with simultaneously high ORR activity and excellent antipoisoning methanol capability remains challenging. Here, we report a class of Pd-Te hexagonal nanoplates (HPs) with a Pd20Te7 phase that simultaneously overcome the activity and methanol-tolerant issues in alkaline DMFC. Because of the specific arrangement of Pd atoms deviated from typical hexagonal close-packing, Pd-Te HPs/C displays extraordinary methanol tolerance with high ORR performance compared with commercial Pt/C. DFT calculations reveal that the high performance of Pd-Te HPs can be attributed to the breakthrough of the linear relationship between OOH∗ and OH∗ adsorption, which leaves sufficient room to improve the ORR activity but suppresses the methanol oxidation reaction. The concurrent high ORR activity and excellent methanol tolerance endow Pd-Te HPs as practical electrocatalysts for DMFC and beyond.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberaba9731
JournalScience advances
Volume6
Issue number31
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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