Atmospheric and environmental sensing by photonic absorption spectroscopy

W. Chen, T. Wu, W. Zhao, G. Wysocki, X. Cui, C. Lengignon, R. Maamary, E. Fertein, C. Coeur, A. Cassez, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, X. Gao, W. Liu, F. Dong, G. Zha, Xu Zheng, T. Wang

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chemically reactive short-lived species play a crucial role in tropospheric processes affecting regional air quality and global climate change. Contrary to long-lived species (such as greenhouse gases), fast, accurate and precise monitoring changes in concentration of atmospheric short-lived species represents a real challenge due to their short life time (∼1 s for OH radical) and very low concentration in the atmosphere (down to 10 6 molecules/cm3, corresponding to 0.1 pptv at standard temperature and pressure). We report on our recent progress in instrumentation developments for spectroscopic sensing of trace reactive species. Modern photonic sources such as quantum cascade laser (QCL), distributed feedback (DFB) diode laser, light emitting diode (LED), difference-frequency generation (DFG) parametric source are implemented in conjunction with highsensitivity spectroscopic measurement techniques for: (1) nitrous acid (HONO) monitoring by QCL-based long optical pathlength absorption spectroscopy and LED-based IBBCEAS (incoherent broadband cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy); (2) DFB laser-based hydroxyl free radical (OH) detection using WM-OA-ICOS (wavelength modulation off-axis integrated cavity output spectroscopy) and FRS (Faraday rotation spectroscopy), respectively; (3) nitrate radical (NO3) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) simultaneous measurements with IBBCEAS approach. Applications in field observation and in smog chamber study will be presented.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationQuantum Sensing and Nanophotonic Devices X
Volume8631
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Apr 2013
EventQuantum Sensing and Nanophotonic Devices X - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: 3 Feb 20137 Feb 2013

Conference

ConferenceQuantum Sensing and Nanophotonic Devices X
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA
Period3/02/137/02/13

Keywords

  • absorption spectroscopy
  • distributed feedback (DFB) diode laser
  • hydroxyl free radical (OH)
  • light emitting diode (LED)
  • nitrate radical (NO ) 3
  • nitrogen dioxide (NO ) 2
  • nitrous acid (HONO)
  • quantum cascade laser (QCL)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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