Asymptotic properties of bridge estimators in sparse high-dimensional regression models

Jian Huang, Joel L. Horowitz, Shuangge Ma

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

286 Citations (Scopus)


We study the asymptotic properties of bridge estimators in sparse, high-dimensional, linear regression models when the number of covariates may increase to infinity with the sample size. We are particularly interested in the use of bridge estimators to distinguish between covariates whose coefficients are zero and covariates whose coefficients are nonzero. We show that under appropriate conditions, bridge estimators correctly select covariates with nonzero coefficients with probability converging to one and that the estimators of nonzero coefficients have the same asymptotic distribution that they would have if the zero coefficients were known in advance. Thus, bridge estimators have an oracle property in the sense of Fan and Li [J. Amer. Statist. Assoc. 96 (2001) 1348-1360] and Fan and Peng [Ann. Statist. 32 (2004) 928-961]. In general, the oracle property holds only if the number of covariates is smaller than the sample size. However, under a partial orthogonality condition in which the covariates of the zero coefficients are uncorrelated or weakly correlated with the covariates of nonzero coefficients, we show that marginal bridge estimators can correctly distinguish between covariates with nonzero and zero coefficients with probability converging to one even when the number of covariates is greater than the sample size.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)587-613
Number of pages27
JournalAnnals of Statistics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Asymptotic normality
  • High-dimensional data
  • Oracle property
  • Penalized regression
  • Variable selection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty

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