Association of Myopia With Risk of Incident Metabolic Syndrome: Findings From the UK Biobank Study Cohort of 91,591 Participants

Yanxian Chen, Zhuoting Zhu, Wei Wang, Xianwen Shang, Mingguang He, Jinying Li

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Purpose: To investigate the association between myopia and risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a prospective cohort from the UK Biobank Study. Methods: Volunteers (aged 40 years and above) free of baseline MetS and cataract included from the UK Biobank Study, a prospective follow-up cohort. Myopia was defined using uncycloplegic autorefraction, self-report-myopia, and medical records for refractive error at baseline. MetS as well as components of MetS were diagnosed based on health records, blood biochemistry, and questionnaires. Questionnaires determined the status of smoking, drinking, physical activity and dietary supplements, as well as ethnicity and education. Results: A total of 91,591 participants were available in the analysis, with a mean age of 55.37 ± 8.07 years at baseline and a median follow-up years of 11.16 years. The proportion of myopia was 49.7%, and a total of 937 (1.0%) participants were identified as having incident MetS (0.09/100 person years). Subjects with myopia were more likely to have MetS compared with non-myopic subjects (0.82 vs. 0.21%, Log-rank test P < 0.001). Mopes had greater risk of incident MetS (Hazard ratio [HR] = 4.19, 95% confidence interval [CI] 3.57–4.93, P < 0.001) adjusting for baseline age, gender, education and ethnicity. After further controlling for lifestyle factors (smoking, drinking, physical activity, and fish oil supplement) or baseline metabolic disorders, the risk of incident MetS were 3.88- and 4.06-fold greater in myopic subjects than those without myopia, respectively (P < 0.001 for both models). The severity of myopia was not significantly correlated to incident MetS in multivariate-adjusted models. Conclusions: An increased risk of incident MetS among the elderly is associated with myopia, but not the degree of myopia. These findings highlighted the need of prevention of MetS among older adults with myopia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number872013
JournalFrontiers in Medicine
Publication statusPublished - 16 May 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • cohort study
  • metabolic syndrome
  • myopia
  • older population
  • Western lifestyle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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