Association of increased Treg and Th17 with pathogenesis of moyamoya disease

L. Weng, X. Cao, L. Han, H. Zhao, S. Qiu, Y. Yan, X. Wang, Xiangyan Chen, W. Zheng, X. Xu, Y. Gao, Y. Chen, J. Li, Y. Yang, Y. Xu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


© The Author(s) 2017.Immuno-inflammation has been shown to play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of moyamoya disease (MMD). However, how did circulating Treg/Th17 cells involve in MMD patients remains unclear. 26 MMD, 21 atherothrombotic stroke, and 32 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. MMD patients have a significantly higher percentage of circulating Treg and Th17 cells as well as their dominantly secreting cytokines than other groups (P < 0.0001), whereas no difference was found in the ratio of Treg/Th17 between patients in MMD and atherothrombotic stroke group or control subjects (P = 0.244). However, the increased Treg in MMD patients which were enriched with FrIII Treg cells had deficient suppressive functions (P = 0.0017) compared to healthy volunteers. There was a positive correlation between Treg or TGF-? and MMD Suzuki's stage. And the level of circulating Treg was as an independent factor associated with MMD stage. Besides, TGF-? was also correlated with the increased expression of VEGF in MMD patients. Our findings indicated an important involvement of circulating Treg in the pathogenic development of MMD and TGF-? in Treg induced VEGF.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3071
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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