Assessment of Attention: Relationship Between Psychological Testing and Information Processing Approaches

Ho Keung David Shum, K. McFarland, J.D. Bain

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Examined the relationship between the psychological testing and information processing approaches in assessing attention. Eighty-seven subjects (57 females, 30 males) undertook eight psychological tests of attention and a visual-spatial reaction-time task. Using the cognitive-correlate method (Posner & McLeod, 1982), it was found that three components of attention (viz., visual-motor scanning, sustained selective processing, and visual/auditory spanning) derived from the psychological tests could be significantly predicted by specific, yet different, combinations of six indices of information processing (mean reaction time (RT), mean movement time (MT), feature extraction, identification, response selection, and motor adjustment): (a) mean RT and mean MT were found to be the most important indices for predicitng performance on visual-motor scanning; (b) the motor-adjustment stage was found to be the most important index for predicting performance on sustained selective processing; (c) the response-selection stage was found to be the most important index for predicting performance on visual/auditory spanning. These relationships are important for supporting the construct-related validity of the psychological tests of attention and for extending the generality and applicability of the RT task. © 1994, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)531-538
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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