Assessment and Diagnostic Standards of Apraxia of Speech in Chinese-Speaking Adults and Children: A Scoping Review

Eddy Chun Ho Wong, Min Ney Wong, Shelley L. Velleman

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review


Purpose: Apraxia of speech (AOS) and childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) are motor-based speech disorders that have been well studied in Indo-European languages. There is limited understanding of these disorders in speakers of Sino-Tibetan languages, such as Chinese. The purpose of this study is to review methods used in research studies for the assessment and diagnosis of AOS and CAS in Chinese speakers. Method: This scoping review followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Extension for Scoping Reviews guidelines. Articles with a focus on AOS or CAS in Chinese speakers were systematically searched in seven English and six Chinese databases. Three reviewers per-formed independent screening, data extraction, and quality assessment after obtaining 100% agreement on the prescreening exercise. A qualitative analysis was conducted to rate the quality of diagnoses, ranging from high (Level I) to low (Level III), with Level IV assigned to studies for which the appropriate rating was unclear due to insufficient evidence. Results: Twenty-eight AOS articles and five CAS articles were identified. A vari-ety of assessment and diagnostic methods were reported. No study of Chinese speakers with AOS or CAS received a rating of Level I. The highest level achieved was Level IIIa for both AOS and CAS studies. Conclusions: There is no reliable and valid test or method for the diagnosis of AOS or CAS in Chinese speakers. The current gold standard of diagnosis is based upon expert perceptual judgment. Further single-language and cross-linguistic investigations of AOS and CAS and the future development of assessment and diagnostic methods are recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)316-340
Number of pages25
JournalAmerican Journal of Speech-Language Pathology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing


Dive into the research topics of 'Assessment and Diagnostic Standards of Apraxia of Speech in Chinese-Speaking Adults and Children: A Scoping Review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this