Assessing elderly’s functional balance and mobility via analyzing data from waist‑mounted tri‑axial wearable accelerometers in timed up and go tests

Lisha Yu, Yang Zhao (Corresponding Author), Hailiang Wang, Tien-Lung Sun, Terrence E. Murphy, Kwok-Leung Tsui

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Poor balance has been cited as one of the key causal factors of falls. Timely detection of balance impairment can help identify the elderly prone to falls and also trigger early interventions to prevent them. The goal of this study was to develop a surrogate approach for assessing elderly’s functional balance based on Short Form Berg
Balance Scale (SFBBS) score.

Methods: Data were collected from a waist-mounted tri-axial accelerometer while participants performed a timed up and go test. Clinically relevant variables were extracted from the segmented accelerometer signals for fitting SFBBS predictive models. Regularized regression together with random-shuffle-split cross-validation was used to facilitate
the development of the predictive models for automatic balance estimation.

Results: Eighty-five community-dwelling older adults (72.12 ± 6.99 year) participated in our study. Our results demonstrated that combined clinical and sensor-based variables, together with regularized regression and crossvalidation, achieved moderate-high predictive accuracy of SFBBS scores (mean MAE = 2.01 and mean RMSE = 2.55). Step length, gender, gait speed and linear acceleration variables describe the motor coordination were identified as significantly contributed variables of balance estimation. The predictive model also showed moderate-high discriminations in classifying the risk levels in the performance of three balance assessment motions in terms of AUC values of
0.72, 0.79 and 0.76 respectively.

Conclusions: The study presented a feasible option for quantitatively accurate, objectively measured, and unobtrusively collected functional balance assessment at the point-of-care or home environment. It also provided clinicians and elderly with stable and sensitive biomarkers for long-term monitoring of functional balance.
Original languageEnglish
Article number108
JournalBMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 25 Mar 2021


  • Balance and mobility
  • Data mining
  • Elderly care
  • Fall
  • Sensor
  • Timed up and go

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Health Informatics


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