Are we there yet? An Industrial Viewpoint on Provenance-based Endpoint Detection and Response Tools

Feng Dong, Shaofei Liu, Peng Jiang, Ding Li, Haoyu Wang, Liangyi Huang, Xusheng Xiao, Jiedong Chen, Xiapu Luo, Yao Guo, Xiangqun Chen

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review


Provenance-Based Endpoint Detection and Response (P-EDR) systems are deemed crucial for future Advanced Persistent Threats (APT) defenses. Despite the fact that numerous new techniques to improve P-EDR systems have been proposed in academia, it is still unclear whether the industry will adopt P-EDR systems and what improvements the industry desires for P-EDR systems. To this end, we conduct the first set of systematic studies on the effectiveness and the limitations of P-EDR systems. Our study consists of four components: a one-to-one interview, an online questionnaire study, a survey of the relevant literature, and a systematic measurement study. Our research indicates that all industry experts consider P-EDR systems to be more effective than conventional Endpoint Detection and Response (EDR) systems. However, industry experts are concerned about the operating cost of P-EDR systems. In addition, our research reveals three significant gaps between academia and industry (1) overlooking client-side overhead; (2) imbalancedalarm triage cost and interpretation cost; and (3) excessive server side memory consumption. This paper's findings provide objective data on the effectiveness of P-EDR systems and how much improvements are needed to adopt P-EDR systems in industry.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2023 ACM SIGSAC Conference on Computer and Communications Security
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023


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