Are the hepatic arteries “end arteries”?

Muoi M. Arnold, Louis Kreel, Yuet Fai Lo, Ka Wai Helen Law

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Twenty-five autopsy livers were studied for intrahepatic arterial anastomoses. Under fluoroscopy, barium suspension at various concentrations, with or without latex, was injected into the hepatic artery. One-centimeter axial or coronal liver sections were radiographed with high-resolution manimographic technique. All films were reviewed. Seven interconnecting arterial pathways were demonstrated: subcapsular and peripheral arcades, proximal and intermediate connecting vessels, periportal arterial rete and ring, a fine parenchymal network, and connections with the gallbladder arterial system. In the six cases where a branch artery was occluded, arterial filling of the entire liver was demonstrated. The authors conclude that these interconnecting networks could account for the infrequency of hepatic infarcts, are the anatomic basis for the intrahepatic spread of malignant lesions, the “duplication”and “triplication” patterns on arteriography, and may account for the outer streaks of the arteriographic “thread and streak” sign in portal vein invaded by hepatocellular carcinoma.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-342
Number of pages6
JournalInvestigative Radiology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1991
Externally publishedYes


  • Autopsy livers
  • Clinical and arteriographic implications
  • Intra-arterial barium injection
  • Intrahepatic arterial anastomoses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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