Approximate Message Passing-Enhanced Graph Neural Network for OTFS Data Detection

Wenhao Zhuang, Yuyi Mao, Hengtao He, Lei Xie, Shenghui Song, Yao Ge, Zhi Ding

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


Orthogonal time frequency space (OTFS) modulation has emerged as a promising solution to support high-mobility wireless communications, for which, cost-effective data detectors are critical. Although graph neural network (GNN)-based data detectors can achieve decent detection accuracy at reasonable computational cost, they fail to best harness prior information of transmitted data. To further minimize the data detection error of OTFS systems, this letter develops an AMP-GNN-based detector, leveraging the approximate message passing (AMP) algorithm to iteratively improve the symbol estimates of a GNN. Given the inter-Doppler interference (IDI) symbols incur substantial computational overhead to the constructed GNN, learning-based IDI approximation is implemented to sustain low detection complexity. Simulation results demonstrate a remarkable bit error rate (BER) performance achieved by the proposed AMP-GNN-based detector compared to existing baselines. Meanwhile, the proposed IDI approximation scheme avoids a large amount of computations with negligible BER degradation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages1
JournalIEEE Wireless Communications Letters
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 May 2024


  • approximate message passing (AMP)
  • data detection
  • Detectors
  • graph neural network (GNN)
  • Graph neural networks
  • Indexes
  • Message passing
  • Orthogonal time frequency space (OTFS) modulation
  • Signal processing algorithms
  • Symbols
  • Time-frequency analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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