Applying image recognition to frost built-up detection in air source heat pumps

Zhaoyang Li, Wei Wang, Yuying Sun, Shiquan Wang, Shiming Deng, Yao Lin

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


When a space heating ASHP unit is operated in frosting conditions, accurate defrosting is necessary to ensure its operating efficiency and output heating capacity. Therefore, to improve the accuracy of defrosting initiation of ASHPs under frosting-defrosting operations, a study on applying image recognition to frost built-up detection in ASHPs has been carried out and the study results are presented in this paper. Firstly, the principle of a novel frost built-up detection method based on image recognition is presented. Secondly, a series of experiments to examine the applicability of the novel frost built-up detection method with respect to shooting angle, imaging pixels, illumination level, and the temperature of outdoor coil surface are carried out. Thirdly, the novel frost built-up detection method was further modified based on the experimental result obtained, and the verification of the modified novel detection method is reported. It is shown that the use of the modified novel frost built-up detection method could properly account for the impact of changing illuminance level on the accuracy of image recognition, to ensure the accuracy of frost built-up detection when ASHPs are operated in frosting conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121004
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2021


  • ASHP units
  • Defrosting initiating control
  • Experimental study
  • Frost detection
  • Image recognition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Pollution
  • Energy(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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