This chapter reviews the application of artificial intelligence (AI) in establishing the approximate relationships (sometimes 'rule of thumb' and sometimes a more definite relationship but with a narrow scope) between the performance of the fabrics or garments and their constituent components (e.g. fibres), construction (e.g. yarn structure, weave, and garment design), and manufacturing parameters (e.g. weaving conditions, dyeing methods, finishing routes and sewing conditions). This chapter also reviews the application of AI in building these relationships into computer systems to assist in the engineering design of fabrics and garments.
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