Applications and Challenges of GRACE and GRACE Follow-On Satellite Gravimetry

Jianli Chen, Anny Cazenave, Christoph Dahle, William Llovel, Isabelle Panet, Julia Pfeffer, Lorena Moreira

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Time-variable gravity measurements from the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) and GRACE Follow-On (GRACE-FO) missions have opened up a new avenue of opportunities for studying large-scale mass redistribution and transport in the Earth system. Over the past 19 years, GRACE/GRACE-FO time-variable gravity measurements have been widely used to study mass variations in different components of the Earth system, including the hydrosphere, ocean, cryosphere, and solid Earth, and significantly improved our understanding of long-term variability of the climate system. We carry out a comprehensive review of GRACE/GRACE-FO satellite gravimetry, time-variable gravity fields, data processing methods, and major applications in several different fields, including terrestrial water storage change, global ocean mass variation, ice sheets and glaciers mass balance, and deformation of the solid Earth. We discuss in detail several major challenges we need to face when using GRACE/GRACE-FO time-variable gravity measurements to study mass changes, and how we should address them. We also discuss the potential of satellite gravimetry in detecting gravitational changes that are believed to originate from the deep Earth. The extended record of GRACE/GRACE-FO gravity series, with expected continuous improvements in the coming years, will lead to a broader range of applications and improve our understanding of both climate change and the Earth system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-345
Number of pages41
JournalSurveys in Geophysics
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Application
  • Challenge
  • GRACE
  • GRACE-FO
  • Gravity
  • Mass change
  • Satellite gravimetry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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