Application of a multi-variable optimization method to determine lift-up design for optimum wind comfort

Yaxing Du, Cheuk Ming Mak, Yantong Li

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


The lift-up building design has been demonstrated to provide favorable wind comfort, but there is a lack of investigation on optimum wind comfort condition. This study coupled computational fluid dynamics (CFD) technique and response surface methodology (RSM) to determine the most desirable wind comfort around an isolated building with lift-up design. A multi-variable optimization method is proposed to determine optimum wind comfort and the corresponding lift-up design variables, namely, lift-up height (H L), core aspect ratio (AR) and core number (N). To better illustrate wind comfort around the building, the wind comfort in the lift-up area and the podium area are investigated separately. The Detached Eddy Simulation (DES) approach is employed throughout the whole CFD simulation process. The quality and goodness of the established RSM models are examined by analysis of variance and genetic algorithm is applied to generate optimal design solution. The generated results illustrate good performance of the established RSM model. Results show that the optimum wind comfort is obtained when H L is 8 m, AR is 10%, and N is 6. The lift-up core aspect ratio is subsequently found to have greatest effect on wind comfort among the three design variables in both the lift-up area and the podium area. In addition, the proposed method is applicable to other similar environmental design conditions and the outcomes of study can also be of great value in the improvement of wind comfort in compact urban cities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)242-254
Number of pages13
JournalBuilding and Environment
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018


  • Computational fluid dynamics (CFD)
  • Lift-up design
  • Multi-variable optimization method
  • Response surface methodology (RSM)
  • Wind comfort

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Building and Construction


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