Application of 4D for dynamic site layout and management of construction projects

Zhaoyang Ma, Qiping Shen, Jianping Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

88 Citations (Scopus)


Construction schedules and site space arrangement are essential to project management, as they directly influence security, machine running, material deployment, power distribution as well as construction progress and cost. There has been a strong need for more effective planning and management of site space and facilities. This paper introduces a 4D Integrated Site Planning System (4D-ISPS) which integrates schedules, 3D models, resources and site spaces together with 4D CAD technology to provide 4D graphical visualization capability for construction site planning. The features of 4D-ISPS are described in detail. The implementation techniques of this system are also discussed and a real life case is presented.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)369-381
Number of pages13
JournalAutomation in Construction
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2005


  • 3D Model
  • 4D CAD
  • Construction management
  • Site layout

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction

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