Antifouling ceramic membrane electrode modified by Magnéli Ti4O7for electro-microfiltration of humic acid

Ping Geng, Guohua Chen

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A compact electro-microfiltration (EMF) module was designed for the treatment of humid acid (HA). In this module, an inner-layer modified Magnéli Ti4O7/Al2O3tubular membrane was utilized as both the filtration media and the electrode. This study demonstrated that applying electric field could dramatically enhance the microfiltration (MF) performance. When the electric field was near the critical value of 81.2 V cm−1without adding electrolyte, a flux comparable to that of Milli-Q water filtration was attained. With 6 and 12 mg L−1total organic carbon (TOC) of HA in the feed solutions, the HA rejections in terms of UV254were 96.5 and 91.0%, TOC removals were 88.3 and 86.7% respectively, much higher than those using MF alone without electric field (<5%). At 75 V cm−1, the energy consumption is around 0.21 kW h per m3of permeate per hour, which is over 50% lower than that of corresponding ultrafiltration when similar permeate volume and HA rejection are achieved. It was also found that HA rejection increased with higher pH at the same feed conductivity of around 60 μS cm−1. High HA rejection of 97.8% in terms of UV254was obtained at the feed pH of 8.3 and 75 V cm−1.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-71
Number of pages11
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
Volume185
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Electro-microfiltration
  • Humic acid
  • Magnéli titanium sub-oxides
  • Membrane antifouling
  • Ti O 4 7

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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