We have previously demonstrated the possible growth inhibitory activity of both first generation of the effective microorganism fermentation extract (EM-X) as well as the second generation (EM-X2) on cancer cell lines in vitro. The possible anti-angiogenic potential of EM-X has not been reported. Herein we show that using the concentrated EM-X, the growth of human umbilical cord endothelial cells (HUCE) was significantly inhibited in vitro. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay suggested that the concentrated EM-X is able to reduce the level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) from Hep3B hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. The conditioned culture medium obtained from the concentrated EM-X incubated Hep3B HCC cells possessed significant antiproliferative effect on the HUCE cells. Moreover, in vivo chick chorioallantoic membrane assay further demon-strated that the concentrated EM-X is able to greatly inhibit the basic fibroblast growth factor induced angiogenesis from chick embryo experiment. We speculate that the anti-cancer potential of this concentrated EM-X involved growth inhibition on cancer cell and antiangiogenic effect on HUCE cells.
- Chick chorioallantoic membrane
- Effective microorganism fermentation extract
- Human umbilical cord endothelial cell